Photo courtesy of the U.S. Army, In 1964, mustard gas canisters are pushed into the Atlantic Ocean off New Jersey. Millions of pounds were dumped this way.
Following the web frenzy that followed our post on ocean dumping, Brian Ross and the Investigative Team at ABC News post on their blog The Blotter a followup piece. In shameless self promotion (hey I am trying to find a faculty job) a few quotes from myself occur in the piece. The good news…
Legislation on the books for this fiscal year requires that the secretary of defense issue a yearly report naming the location and quantity of the dumped military munitions in U.S. waters. The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 also mandates sampling and water analysis be done around the disposal sites selected by the secretary. The size of the dump sites as well as the types and quantities of military munitions should also be identified.
The bad news…the dumping an estimated 64 million pounds of nerve and mustard agents into U.S. waters part of that in an operation called “Cut Holes And Sink ‘Em”. Cal Baier-Anderson, of the Environmental Defense, has a brilliant comment in the piece…
“You can think these munitions are glorified metal containers, but they are corroding and rusting out over time,” …”When they’re (munitions) on the shoreline, they can be unstable. You don’t know what’s in them.”
So what potential problems arise…
1. This fun stuff washes ashore just in time for your family’s vacation to the beach
2. As commercial fishing continues to move offshore, fisherman potentially trawling munitions.
3. Leaking of canisters which causes local extinctions of deep-sea organisms including but not limited to fisheries.
What to do about all this? Who knows? The problem is that the barrels have been corroding on the seafloor for 40+ years. I cannot envision the logistics of retrieving barrels form several thousand meters and conducting it safely so that the ship’s deck crew has no exposure.