Giant Antarctic Sea Creatures

DSCN0270.jpg “Pet” Giant Pycnogonid attacking computer.

This morning my email was flooded with friends, family, and colleagues notifying me of this story. What’s not to love about a story that combines gigantism, the deep, and Antarctica all in one? An Australian led expedition to the deep Southern Ocean aboard the Aurora Australis, in conjunction with France’s L’Astrolabe and Japan’s Umitaka Maru, is making news today. The highlights include giant deep-sea creatures, wonderful video footage, and evidence of of scarring of the seafloor by icebergs. On a side note, I’ve been aboard the Umitaka Maru, or “The Flying Eagle”, and its amazingly fast vessel with a wonderful crew. The goal of the mission, under of the Census of Marine Life, is to explore and characterize biodiversity.

The two most well-known body size phenomena to occur in marine habitats is abyssal gigantism and polar gigantism. It is unclear if the same reasons that some organisms obtain huge sizes in the deep also explains why things are bigger at the poles. Frustratingly, the media coverage seems to be confusing these concepts. The classic example of both polar and abyssal gigantism is the giant pycnogonid sea spiders. Off the California coast giant pycnogonids are fairly common, as with most of the deep sea, and large specimens are frequently encountered around whale falls. In the Antarctic shallow water (coastal) pycnogonids also reach incredible sizes rare among shallow species of this group. So is the finding of giant polar sea spiders abyssal giantism or polar gigantism and is it novel? I would advocate that this is more of a case of abyssal gigantism as the samples are from greater than 200m although the media seems to be equating this with polar gigantism. The finding is also not particularly new. In the 1880’s, Mosely noted in his Nature article the occurrence of giant sea spiders in trawls from the deep. You can read my old post here, here, and here about body size in the deep.

Also interesting, and also noticed by Kevin, is an error occurs in the video. The announcer discusses giant sea spiders, while what is shown is a swimming crinoid. Pycnogonids are a group of arthropods related to horseshoe crabs while crinoids are well…echinoderms! CNN also gets this wrong with the caption of this video. All of this shouldn’t distract from the importance of the expedition or from you enjoying the video or looking at the amazing photographs (below the fold).

“Glass-like” tunicates. Photo: Antarctic Division
Ice berg gouges on the sea floor. Photo: Antarctic Division
A mix sponges, corals, and brittle stars. Photo: Antarctic Division

Dr. M (1729 Posts)

Craig McClain is the Assistant Director of Science for the National Evolutionary Synthesis Center, a National Science Foundation supported initiative. He has conducted deep-sea research for 20 years and published over 50 papers in the area. He has participated in and led dozens of oceanographic expeditions taken him to the Antarctic and the most remote regions of the Pacific and Atlantic. Craig’s research focuses on how energy drives the biology of marine invertebrates from individuals to ecosystems, specifically, seeking to uncover how organisms are adapted to different levels of carbon availability, i.e. food, and how this determines the kinds and number of species in different parts of the oceans. Craig’s research has been featured on National Public Radio, Discovery Channel, Fox News, National Geographic and ABC News. In addition to his scientific research, Craig also advocates the need for scientists to connect with the public and is the founder and chief editor of the acclaimed Deep-Sea News (, a popular ocean-themed blog that has won numerous awards. His writing has been featured in Cosmos, Science Illustrated, American Scientist, Wired, Mental Floss, and the Open Lab: The Best Science Writing on the Web. His forthcoming book, Science of the South (, connects cultural icons of South such as pecan pie with the science behind them.

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6 comments on “Giant Antarctic Sea Creatures
  1. What’s not to love about a story that combines gigantism, the deep, and Antarctica all in one?

    I dunno… Anybody else getting H.P. Lovecraft flashbacks?

  2. I love those bubble creatures. They look like they came from Bikini Bottom. On another note, those chains in the video bother me. They seem very close to the creatures, or is that an illusion of perspective?

  3. Pingback: Pycnogonids, more than spiders of the sea | Deep Sea News

  4. Video not working, says it is “Private” and I need to be your friend to see it. I would happily be your friend, but now I sound like Barney. Shudder.

  5. Thanks for the heads up Judith. It is not working on CNN’s website either so they must have decided not to share :(

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