Cloaking Klingon Cephalopods

The Klingon Bird of Preys were first introduced in Star Trek III: The Search for Spock.  Two classes existed, the B’rel-class and the K’Vort-class, roughly scout and light cruiser classes.  They were formidable ships, not only because of their lovable Klingon crews, forward torpedo launchers, and disruptor cannons, but because of their cloaking abilities*. Moving from the dark depths to the twilight zone** any animal with cloaking abilities would rule the ocean.  Well maybe they wouldn’t’ be like ocean royalty but they would do alright.

Screen Shot 2013-01-20 at 3.28.47 PMScreen Shot 2013-01-20 at 3.37.47 PMNearly every group of animals has a transparent brethren that lives in the well-lit open ocean.  In darker deeper water, a majority of denizens are red or black.  In both cases, this coloration or lack of serve to cloak the animal.  But what’s an animal to do if they are in between these zones, not a sharp boundary but a grey area full of scoundrels  or needs to migrate between the two.  A red or black creature in ligher shallower waters easily contrasts against the light coming from above.  A transparent animal, finding itself in the deep, would be easily distinguishable from the direct light cast from another organism’s bioluminescence.  If only like a Bird of Prey an organism could shift between cloaking and no cloaking.

Screen Shot 2013-01-20 at 3.39.29 PM

Responses of J. heathi to four different stimuli. White circles = prestimulus, and black circles = poststimulus.

Screen Shot 2013-01-20 at 3.37.55 PMTwo such creatures the octopus Japetella heathi (right) and the squid Onychoteuthis banksii (left) can do exactly this.  When you shine a direct light on the normally transparent Japetella heathi or Onychoteuthis banksii, mimicking a bioluminescent beam, its chromatophores are triggered turning the animal opaque. But the octopus, like a crafty Klingon,  is strategic in triggering the chromatophore response.  Objects or shadows near the octopus did not trigger a response.  Yet tactile, i.e. poking it with a probe, a big stick, or whatever is nearby, or blue light did activate the cloaking device.

Both animals consistently reflected 2x as much light when in the transparent mode compared with the pigmented mode. Indeed in the cloaked state, the octopus was able to achieve the same reflectance of the red and black fishes and invertebrates of the deep.

These cephalopods seem to understand the ancient Klingon proverb tugh qoH nachDaj je chevlu’ta’ or A fool and his head are soon parted.  Best be no fool and cloak often***.

Sarah Zylinski, Sönke Johnsen (2011) Mesopelagic Cephalopods Switch between Transparency and Pigmentation to Optimize Camouflage in the Deep. Current Biology Vol. 21, Issue 22, pp. 1937-1941)

*I would also note that early Klingon Bird of Preys also had sweet submarine style periscopes

**I’m not referring to young emo vampires either although maybe cloaking is useful agains them as well

***not really related to this post but I feel compelled to say KKKKKKKHHHHHHAAAAAANNNNNN!!!!!!!

Dr. M (1729 Posts)

Craig McClain is the Assistant Director of Science for the National Evolutionary Synthesis Center, a National Science Foundation supported initiative. He has conducted deep-sea research for 20 years and published over 50 papers in the area. He has participated in and led dozens of oceanographic expeditions taken him to the Antarctic and the most remote regions of the Pacific and Atlantic. Craig’s research focuses on how energy drives the biology of marine invertebrates from individuals to ecosystems, specifically, seeking to uncover how organisms are adapted to different levels of carbon availability, i.e. food, and how this determines the kinds and number of species in different parts of the oceans. Craig’s research has been featured on National Public Radio, Discovery Channel, Fox News, National Geographic and ABC News. In addition to his scientific research, Craig also advocates the need for scientists to connect with the public and is the founder and chief editor of the acclaimed Deep-Sea News (, a popular ocean-themed blog that has won numerous awards. His writing has been featured in Cosmos, Science Illustrated, American Scientist, Wired, Mental Floss, and the Open Lab: The Best Science Writing on the Web. His forthcoming book, Science of the South (, connects cultural icons of South such as pecan pie with the science behind them.

2 comments on “Cloaking Klingon Cephalopods
  1. Pingback: Cloaking Klingon Cephalopods | Suchmaschinen Optimierung

  2. Your posts, besides being informative and also so wonderfully entertaining. Reading them first thing in the am always makes my morning :)

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