A recent study published in Science Express by Dr. Kent Carpenter of Old Dominion University and a consortium of nearly thirty coral reef ecologists has determined that one-third of coral face increased extinction threat due to anthropogenic influences. Carpenter refers to the problem as the “the human meteor”.
Seawater chemistry is changing with the addition of fossil fuel CO2 to the atmosphere. This influx of CO2 is causing the world’s oceans to become more acidic, which is bad news for corals and other marine organisms that use calcium carbonate to build their skeletons and protective shells.
The biodiversity of Lophelia pertusa bioherms in the North Atlantic rivals the diversity of a shallow water tropical reef. More than 800 associated species have been documented in association.